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Intraoperative fluoroscopy, portable X-Ray, and CT (2020-2021)
No charge for this activity.

Intraoperative fluoroscopy, portable X-ray, and CT:
patient and operating room personnel radiation exposure in spinal surgery    

No fee for this activity.

X-ray and the Human Body series (Module 15)
Up to 1.0 hour in X-ray Safety

This internet enduring material is a article (in PDF format).

CME activity released: February 7, 2020
Reviewed and approved December 23, 2019
Expires: December 31, 2021

Global Objective for series
Be aware of the importance of radiation safety as it relates to fluoroscopy practice. When treating patients, physicians often forget to consider the "invisible" threat of radiation. The goal of this activity is to reduce the radiation doses to both patient and staff by describing the radiation hazards and explaining how to reduce exposure.


Course Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  1. Gain knowledge of the radiation exposure to patients and staff in the operating room
  2. Describe the differences in radiation exposure between XR, c-arms and o-arms 


This internet enduring material consisting of a slide presentation that takes approximately 1 hour to complete.

Method of participation:

  1. Read article
  2. Complete the test (must pass 100% – you have two chances)
  3. Complete the evaluation
  4. Certificate will generate after passing test and evaluations are completed



The University of California, Davis, Health is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Physician Credit
The University of California, Davis, Health designates this Enduring Material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits ™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

For the purpose of recertification, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ issued by organizations accredited by the ACCME. 

Physician Assistants 
Physician Assistants may claim a maximum of 1.0 Category 1 credits for completing this activity. The National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA) accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ from organizations accredited by ACCME or a recognized state medical society.

Disclosures of Relevant Financial Relationships
The following have disclosed no relevant financial relationships:
Course Chair
J. Anthony Seibert, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Radiology, UC Davis, Health

Elisha M. Nelson, ARRT
Shafagh M. Monazzam, MD
Kee D. Kim, MD
J. Anthony Seibert, PhD
Eric O. Klineberg, MD

Planning Committee
Linda Kroger, MS, Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Radiology, UC Davis, Health
J. Anthony Seibert, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Radiology, UC Davis, Health
Bruce Hodge, QA Technologist, Health Physics, UC Davis, Health

Content Reviewer
Avinash Gautam, MS, Medical Physicist

If you have any questions please contact UC Davis Health Office of Continuing Medical Education at or phone (916) 734-5352

Type:     Internet Activity (Enduring Material)
154 Registered Users